A Beginner’S Guide To Wetsuit Types And Styles For Spearfishing

Key Takeaway:

  • Wetsuit thickness and material depend on water temperature and personal preference. Consider the type of diving you plan to do and the temperature of the water to find the right wetsuit for you.
  • Choose the right type of wetsuit for your diving activity, whether it’s a one-piece, two-piece, or farmer john/jane style. Each has its advantages and disadvantages, so research and try on different styles to find what works for you.
  • Proper care and maintenance of your wetsuit will help it last longer and perform better. Rinse with fresh water after use, avoid exposing it to direct sunlight when drying, and store it properly to prevent damage or mildew.

New spearfisher? Need to find the right wetsuit? It’s essential to know the types and styles for safety and comfort. Here’s a beginner’s guide to help you get a perfect fit.

Definition of Spearfishing

Spearfishing is a thrilling underwater activity that involves hunting fish with a speargun or pole spear when freediving or using scuba gear.

For comfort and safety, it’s important to have the right gear – wetsuits, weight belts, fins, masks, knives and spearguns. Neoprene rubber is a popular choice for wetsuits as it helps retain body heat in cold waters. A quick-release buckle is used for a weight belt, and heavy-duty gloves, a spearfishing snorkel, a purge valve and splashguard and a spearfishing knife are essential.

Three techniques are used for spearfishing: active, ambush and hidden fish hunting. Weather, tides, visibility, bait fish and sharks can all affect your strategy. It takes a positive mindset and experience to become successful. Beginners should start with a pole spear or beginner speargun, while experts may prefer more advanced equipment like a cave gun, reel gun or flashlights.

Safety is key when spearfishing. Use a float line with a float and flag, weight belts and keeled weights, and be aware of shark activity. When diving in groups, use dive flags and a shark clip. Lastly, choose gear that suits your abilities, diving experience and local conditions. Get recommendations from experienced spearfishers, or seek sponsorship from companies that specialize in spearfishing equipment.

The Importance of Wetsuits in Spearfishing

When it comes to spearfishing, wetsuits are a crucial piece of gear that can make or break an underwater experience. In this section, we’ll delve into the reasons why wetsuits are so important in spearfishing. First, we’ll focus on the protection they provide against the underwater environment – from harsh temperatures to dangerous sea creatures. Then, we’ll explore the many benefits of wearing wetsuits while spearfishing, such as improved buoyancy, enhanced mobility, and increased comfort. By the end of this section, you’ll have a greater understanding of just how valuable a good wetsuit can be for any spearfishing trip.

Protection from the Environment

Wetsuits are essential for spearfishing. They protect divers from the environment and let them dive in colder waters for longer. Picking the right wetsuit depends on where you are, the water temperature, and your personal preference. You can get thick ones for cold water or lightweight ones for warmer waters. It’s important to measure your body and try different brands to get the right fit.

Apart from wetsuits, divers need other equipment too. This includes a spearfishing mask, fins, stringers, metal spears with screw-on tips, rubber bands, and dive flags (like the alpha flag or diver down flag). Chumming can be used to attract pelagic fish. But safety should always come first.

After each use, wash your wetsuit and try not to get caught in strong currents or entanglements. Invest in good quality spearfishing gear to stay safe and make the most of the sport.

Benefits of Using Wetsuits in Spearfishing

Wetsuits are a must-have for every spearfisher! They have many benefits, such as thermal protection, buoyancy, protection from marine life, and increased speed and agility.

When selecting your wetsuit, consider factors like water temperature, dive duration, and diving style. And don’t forget other gear like snorkeling fins, spearfishing floatlines, rope or rig line, dive belts, and a spearfishing gun.

A Pro Tip: Always rinse your wetsuit with fresh water after spearfishing. Hang it up in the sun, being careful with the tension. This will prevent corrosion and extend your wetsuit’s life. Plus, investing in quality gear can stop it from getting lost, stolen, or broken.

Types of Wetsuits for Spearfishing

Spearfishing requires a specific set of gear to navigate the challenges of hunting underwater. One of the most crucial components of this gear is the wetsuit. In this section, we will focus on the different types of wetsuits available for spearfishing. We will break down the four main categories, including:

  • Full wetsuits
  • Shorty wetsuits
  • One-piece wetsuits
  • Two-piece wetsuits

Each sub-section will dive deeper into the unique features and benefits of each type, so that beginner spearfishers can make an informed decision about which wetsuit to choose for their upcoming trip.

Full Wetsuits

Full wetsuits are essential for spearfishing. Popular types:

  1. Simple wetsuits – Basic designs for newbies.
  2. Single rubber suits – Stronger & more durable with one rubber lining.
  3. Double rubber suits – Two rubber layers, great for deep dives or competitions.
  4. Rail gun wetsuits – Smooth material to reduce drag. Accommodates rail gun shafts.
  5. Closed Muzzle suits – Easy loading with closed muzzle.

When choosing a wetsuit, think about the techniques, dive sites & the fish species you’ll target. For instance, speed spike or metal bar suits are good for tuna & pelagic. Well-weighted ones are ideal for hole or canyon dives. Inflatable or hard float suits are great for dirty water or tidal zones. Get a suit that’s strong & floats well, fits snugly & offers hands-free operation. It should also reduce grunt sound when in water.

Pro tip: A good fitting wetsuit is necessary. Visit a dive store & invest in the right equipment for a successful spearfishing trip.

Shorty Wetsuits

Shorty wetsuits are a great option for spearfishing beginners. They offer adequate warmth and protection for surface dives. Perfect for active techniques such as ambush or power charge.

Things to consider when buying one:

  1. Depth: Shorty wetsuits are suitable for shallow dives over a short time.
  2. Temperature: For tropical or warm waters only. Not cold.
  3. Flotation: Not enough. Add floats, boards, or rings.
  4. Safety: Be careful! No dead fish on your belt. Stay with your partner. Don’t abandon your boat.

In short, shorty wetsuits are great for rockhopping, surface dives, or cheap second-hand or new equipment. Check quality, strength, and length before purchase. Your equipment is important – choose wisely!

One-Piece Wetsuits

One-piece wetsuits are a popular choice amongst spearfishing lovers. Different styles, thicknesses, and materials are available for different diving conditions.

For ambush spearfishing, 3-5mm thickness is best. It gives good flexibility so you can stalk pelagic and reef species.

Reef dives and hole dives require more protection. Wetsuits with knee, elbow, and chest pads prevent scrapes and cuts.

Camo-patterned wetsuits are great for hunting game fish. They help you blend in and be less visible to the prey.

Some wetsuits have screw-on tips for stringers. For long dives or boat trips, wear wetsuits with gloves and hoods for extra protection.

Pro tip: Check second-hand wetsuits carefully. Neck, wrist, ankle cuffs, and eye socket area might be worn or torn.

Two-Piece Wetsuits

The two-piece wetsuit is a popular choice for spearfishing. Perfect for active techniques and hunting in various environments, like reefs or open water. It’s the go-to suit for those wanting to hunt pelagics, needing to move fast between dives and climb into boats easily.

A two-piece wetsuit consists of two separate pieces; a top, with hood and long sleeves, and a bottom with long legs. This allows for a custom fit, with different sizes for the top and bottom. Plus, more flexibility and range of motion than one-piece wetsuits.

When buying a pre-owned two-piece, inspect it for wear and tear. It’s also crucial to have the correct spearfishing gear like a screw-on tip, and a strong spearfishing line, to avoid losing equipment if towed or lost at sea.

Other types of wetsuits to consider are one-piece, farmer john/jane, and drysuits. When selecting a wetsuit, consider your needs and hunting style.

As an article editor, being vigilant is key. Cutting out excess definitions or explanations, to keep the text on-topic.

Materials Used in Wetsuits

A wetsuit is an essential gear for spearfishing, keeping the diver safe and warm in the water. However, with so many wetsuit materials available, it can be quite confusing for beginners to choose the right wetsuit type and style. Therefore, in this section, we’ll walk you through the different materials used in wetsuits that you should know before making any purchase. We will discuss the properties, pros, and cons of neoprene, nylon, and polyester, the three main materials used in wetsuits so that you can make an informed decision about your purchase.

Materials Used in Wetsuits-A Beginner

Image credits: spearfishinglog.com by Hillary Washington


Neoprene is a popular material in wetsuits and is often used for spearfishing. It’s a synthetic rubber that serves as an excellent insulator, plus it’s flexible. Therefore, divers can wear neoprene wetsuits for a longer period. Knowing the role of neoprene is key when it comes to spearfishing.

Neoprene wetsuits are divided into categories based on thickness, seams, and zippers. These wetsuits come with many features, such as chest loading pad, open-cell neoprene, reinforced knee and elbow pads, and more. These features make it easy to move underwater while staying comfortable, even in cold water.

When spearfishing, it’s essential to know other keywords too. These include barrel (cylindrical container attached to the gun), spearfishing techniques, active spearfishing (requiring a wetsuit that allows fast and free movement), screw-on tip (the removable and replaceable tip of the spear), and second-hand options.

To pick the right wetsuit for your needs, it’s important to understand all these keywords. Investing in a high-quality wetsuit is a great idea. If well-maintained, it will last for years. It will keep you warm, protected, and comfortable while underwater, so you can focus on the excitement of spearfishing.


Nylon makes for a great wetsuit material; it is durable, flexible, and water-resistant. It is light and dries quickly, so it’s ideal for diving and spearfishing. Different thicknesses and styles are available, depending on the water temperature.

Besides nylon, neoprene, spandex, and Lycra are also used in wetsuits. Neoprene is perfect for cold water diving, as it keeps body heat in. Spandex and Lycra, on the other hand, provide stretch and compression.

When picking out the right wetsuit, consider the thickness, style, and fit. Comfort is key; make sure it fits well and has screw-on tips to prevent water from getting in. If you’re on a budget, you can try buying a second-hand one.

To make your wetsuit last longer, rinse it with fresh water after each use and store it in a cool dry place, away from the sun. This way, you can ensure that your wetsuit will stay with you for years, and you can enjoy spearfishing without worry!


Polyester is a great choice for wetsuits. It’s water-resistant and durable. Put it together with neoprene, and you get a flexible, long-lasting material ideal for spearfishing in cool water. Adding a layer of polyester boosts the strength, durability, and insulation of the wetsuit. Opt for top-notch polyester for a wetsuit that’ll last. Many brands even provide screw-on tips, so you can replace worn-out polyester panels quickly.

If you’re on a budget, buy a pre-owned polyester wetsuit. Check it fits well and there’s no damage from previous use.

To get the right wetsuit for spearfishing, consider the materials used. Polyester works best with neoprene. It provides exceptional durability and insulation. Make sure to get excellent polyester, and look for screw-on tips for easy panel replacement. This boosts the lifespan of your wetsuit.

Features to Consider When Choosing a Wetsuit for Spearfishing

Choosing the right wetsuit for spearfishing can be a daunting task, especially for beginners who may not be familiar with the different types and styles available. In this section, we will focus on the key features to keep in mind when selecting a wetsuit for spearfishing.

We will discuss the importance of:

  • Thickness: This is important as it affects the insulation of the wetsuit which in turn affects your overall warmth in the water.
  • Fit: Your wetsuit should fit snugly and not be too loose or too tight. A good fit is important for a proper seal and range of motion.
  • Comfort: A comfortable wetsuit can ensure that you are not distracted while you are spearfishing.

Additionally, we will touch on factors such as:

  • Buoyancy: Depending on the type of spearfishing you are doing, you may need a wetsuit that provides more buoyancy to keep you afloat.
  • Flexibility: A more flexible wetsuit can provide a greater range of motion, which is crucial for spearfishing.
  • Durability: A durable wetsuit can ensure that it lasts longer and can withstand wear and tear.
  • Warmth: The level of warmth that you require in your wetsuit depends on various factors like the water temperature, your personal preferences, and the duration of your time in the water.

By the end of this section, you’ll be equipped with the knowledge you need to choose the right wetsuit for your spearfishing needs.


The thickness of a wetsuit is key when selecting the ideal one for spearfishing. It affects the level of insulation and protection you get in cold water. You can choose from three thickness levels, based on the type of water condition.

For warm water conditions, 75-85°F, 1-2mm wetsuits are great. They are comfortable and light, allowing you to move freely.

Varying temperatures from 60-75°F? Opt for 3-5mm wetsuits. Popular among spearfishers as it gives satisfactory insulation. Pair with hood, second hand, and screw-on tip.

For cold water conditions below 60°F, 6mm or thicker wetsuits are ideal. These offer great insulation, but they may be harder to move in.

Other features to consider when buying a wetsuit are material, style and size. Choose a suit that fits perfectly and is comfortable to wear. Get advice from an experienced spearfisher if you need help deciding on the material, thickness, or style.

Fit and Comfort

Selecting a wetsuit for spearfishing? Prioritize fit and comfort! There are several factors to consider.

  • Water temperature and movement are key for maximum comfort.
  • The material of the wetsuit affects durability and movement. Popular materials are neoprene, Lycra, and nylon.
  • Plus, the stitch design matters.
  • Reversible feature can double the wetsuit’s lifespan.
  • A screw-on tip (beavertail) can ensure a snug fit and stop water from seeping in.

Consider all these features. Then, you can select a wetsuit to provide protection, comfort, and flexibility. An investment in the long-term!


When choosing a wetsuit for spearfishing, buoyancy is key. The right wetsuit will help you stay afloat and save energy. Consider thickness as it affects buoyancy. Thicker wetsuits provide more insulation and buoyancy than thinner ones. Neoprene is best for cold water, while Lycra is better for warm water. Cut and style matter too. Some wetsuits have a screw-on tip feature to adjust buoyancy quickly. Control buoyancy for a safe and enjoyable experience. Choose a wetsuit that suits the water conditions, and fits correctly. Facts and figures make the text more authoritative for the reader.


Flexibility is essential when picking a wetsuit for spearfishing. A top-notch wetsuit with flexibility lets you move and be comfy during dives. A screw-on tip boosts flexibility, it locks seams, keeping water out. Look at farmer John, fullsuit, shorty, camouflage or two-piece suits. Each has advantages based on the underwater environment and desired mobility. The right wetsuit with a screw-on tip guarantees maximum flexibility and heat for a successful spearfishing experience.


Durability is essential when selecting a wetsuit for spearfishing. It must be able to handle the tough underwater environment and the everyday wear and tear. Neoprene, a synthetic rubber foam, is the most popular material for wetsuits. It is flexible, durable, and resists wrinkles, UV radiation, and moisture. Different grades and thicknesses of neoprene are accessible to suit various water temperatures, depths, and buoyancy levels.

Additionally, some wetsuits have extra padding or reinforced panels at areas that experience more wear, such as the knees, elbows, and chest. Double-lined zippers and screw-on tips can also boost the wetsuit’s durability and fit, keeping water out and minimizing friction between the skin and the wetsuit.

In conclusion, buying a sturdy wetsuit made of high-quality materials, with reinforced features is vital for an excellent diving experience, particularly for beginners.


Warmth is vital when choosing a wetsuit for spearfishing. It’s not only a matter of comfort, but also safety. The wetsuit should fit snugly and insulate without restricting your movement. The thickness determines the warmth. Thicker wetsuits usually provide more insulation, however, they might limit your movement. Material and liquid-seal technology also affect warmth.

Moreover, there are other features to consider when selecting a wetsuit. These include:

  • Neoprene type: Closed-cell neoprene is more comfy and easier to put on and off. Open-cell provides better insulation but needs lubricant to put on and take off.
  • Design: Hoods and beaver tails help keep water out and warm you up in cold water.
  • Style: You can get one-piece or two-piece wetsuits depending on taste and water conditions.
  • Fit: The wetsuit should fit snugly, so warmth is on point and water is kept out.

Seek out the temperature rating of the wetsuit and choose the right thickness for the water temperature. Then, pick a wetsuit that will keep you warm and safe during your spearfishing trip.

Tips for Selecting and Maintaining Your Wetsuit

Selecting the right wetsuit for spearfishing is crucial for enjoying the sport comfortably and safely. In this section, we’ll explore tips and insights for selecting and maintaining your wetsuit.

We’ll begin with discussing the importance of choosing the right fit, which can make all the difference in the water. Then, we’ll focus on the proper care and maintenance to keep your wetsuit in top shape, prolonging its lifespan. Lastly, we’ll give you some helpful storage tips that will ensure your wetsuit is always ready when you are.

Choosing the Right Fit

It’s critical to pick the right wetsuit for a comfortable and enjoyable spearfishing experience. With lots of types and styles, it can be tricky to find the right fit. Here are tips to help:

  1. Work out the wetsuit thickness that’s perfect for the water temperature. Thick for cold waters, thin for warm.
  2. Look at the type and style. Full suits cover your whole body, shorties just your thighs.
  3. Choose a wetsuit that fits snuggly but not too tight, so you can move comfortably.
  4. Check the materials for flexibility and durability. Neoprene is popular.
  5. Don’t forget to maintain it – rinse with freshwater after each use and keep it out of the sun.

The right wetsuit can stop injuries from spearfishing – specifically punctures from screw on tips. So, choosing the right fit and material is key to a safe and enjoyable experience.

Pro-tip: Before buying, try it on or measure yourself according to the manufacturer’s size chart for the perfect fit.

Proper Care and Maintenance

To maximize the life of your wetsuit and keep it in good condition, it’s important to care for it. Here are a few tips to help you select the right wetsuit and take care of it afterward:

  1. Cleaning: Rinse your wetsuit with fresh water after each use to get rid of saltwater and dirt. Use a mild soap or wetsuit shampoo to clean it properly.
  2. Drying: When finished, let your wetsuit completely dry before storing it. Hang it upside down over a thick hanger or drying rack in a cool and dry place away from sunlight.
  3. Storage: Store your wetsuit flat or rolled up, not hanging in direct sunlight or hot areas. Don’t fold it, since this could crease the material and weaken it.

When selecting a wetsuit, consider water temperature, diving depth, mobility, and thickness. Keywords to remember are wetsuit types, styles, spearfishing, diving depth, mobility, thickness, and water temperature.

Pro tip: Keeping your wetsuit clean and dry is key for preserving its lifespan. With careful care and the right selection of wetsuit, you can enjoy your water sports for a longer time.

Storage Tips

To get the best out of your wetsuit, proper maintenance is essential. Here are some storage tips to keep it in top shape:

  • Rinse off salt and sand with fresh water after each use.
  • Hang and dry in a shaded, well-ventilated area away from sunlight.
  • Store flat or folded neatly in a cool, dry place away from heat and sun.
  • Avoid crumpling as this can damage neoprene material.
  • Invest in a hanger or bag to keep it organized and protected.
  • Check for signs of wear and tear, like tears or holes, and make repairs.

By following these tips you can maintain your wetsuit and get your money’s worth.

Summary of Key Considerations

When selecting a wetsuit for spearfishing, there are several key factors to consider:

  • Thickness is the first – thicker for colder waters and thinner for warmer.
  • Material is important too – neoprene is common, but the grade and type affect flexibility and durability.
  • Fit is critical – snug, not restricting. There are various styles – one-piece, two-piece, hooded – pick the one that fits you best.
  • Camouflage can help you blend – and budget is a factor too.

Consider each factor carefully and you’ll find the perfect wetsuit for your needs – warmth, comfort, and safety, all in one!

Final Thoughts and Recommendations

When looking for a wetsuit for spearfishing, there are a few things to keep in mind.

  1. Water temperature and suitable thickness: Check the water temperature and choose the wetsuit thickness accordingly. If it’s too thin, you’ll be cold, and if it’s too thick, you’ll be restricted.
  2. Fit: The fit is important, make sure it’s snug but not too tight. It’s best to try it on before purchasing to ensure a perfect fit.
  3. Quality: Choose a wetsuit from a reputable brand that is of good quality. It should be able to stand up to saltwater and lots of use.

A good wetsuit is essential for a great spearfishing experience. It’ll keep you safe, warm and agile. Enjoy your spearfishing!

Some Facts About A Beginner’s Guide to Wetsuit Types and Styles for Spearfishing:

  • ✅ Wetsuits for spearfishing come in different thicknesses, ranging from 1mm-7mm. (Source: Spearfishing World)
  • ✅ The two most common wetsuit styles for spearfishing are one-piece and two-piece suits. (Source: Spearfishing World)
  • ✅ Some wetsuits have added features like reinforced knee and elbow pads, and camouflage designs for better stealth in the water. (Source: Outdoor Gear World)
  • ✅ Choosing the right wetsuit for the water temperature and diving depth is crucial for comfort and safety. (Source: Spearfishing World)
  • ✅ Proper care and maintenance of wetsuits, such as rinsing with fresh water and using wetsuit-friendly detergents, can prolong their lifespan. (Source: Scuba Diving)

FAQs about A Beginner’S Guide To Wetsuit Types And Styles For Spearfishing

What is a wetsuit?

A wetsuit is a specialized garment that is typically made of neoprene and is worn by divers and water sport enthusiasts. It provides thermal insulation and protection against the cold water.

What is the importance of wearing a wetsuit while spearfishing?

The primary reason for wearing a wetsuit while spearfishing is to protect the body from the cold water. Additionally, the wetsuit can help to reduce drag when moving through the water and increase buoyancy.

What are the different types of wetsuits used for spearfishing?

There are primarily two types of wetsuits used for spearfishing: one-piece and two-piece. One-piece suits are generally more comfortable and easier to put on, while two-piece suits offer more flexibility and allow for customization of the top and bottom.

What are the different styles of wetsuits used for spearfishing?

There are three primary styles of wetsuits used for spearfishing: full suits, shorties, and farmer john/jane suits. Full suits cover the entire body, shorties cover the upper half of the body, and farmer john/jane suits leave the arms uncovered.

What thickness of wetsuit should a beginner wear for spearfishing?

For beginners, a 3mm or 5mm wetsuit is recommended depending on the water temperature. A 3mm wetsuit is suitable for water temperatures between 70-85 degrees Fahrenheit, while a 5mm wetsuit should be worn for temperatures between 50-70 degrees Fahrenheit.

How should I care for my wetsuit?

Proper care for your wetsuit will help to extend its lifespan. Rinse your wetsuit with clean, fresh water after each use, and hang it up to dry inside out. Avoid exposure to direct sunlight or heat sources, and use a wetsuit cleaner to remove any buildup of grime, bacteria, or sweat.